Texas Hold 'em
The goal of Texas hold 'em is
to simply make the best 5 card poker hand possible using
your "pocket cards" and the 5 face-up "community
cards". The game structure is as follows:
1. Each player is dealt two cards
face-down called the "pocket cards" followed by
the first round of betting. You may fold at anytime.
2. The Dealer turns over three
community board cards ("the flop") face-up followed
by a second betting round.
3. Dealer turns over 1 more community
board card ("the turn") followed by a final betting
4. Dealer turns over 1 final
community board card ("the river") followed by
a final betting round.
5. Showdown. At the shutdown
for Texas Hold 'em, poker rules indicate that players may
- Both pocket cards & three board cards
- One pocket card & four board cards
- All five board cards (playing the board)
Betting Structure and Rules
There are four possible betting rounds in Texas Hold 'em
poker, shown in the poker rules above.
6. Texas Hold 'em games generally have a stakes structure
with two levels. Each bet and raise during the first two
rounds (after "pocket cards" are dealt and "the
flop") is set at the lower limit of the stakes structure.
For example in a $5/$10 Texas Hold 'em game, all bets and
raises are $5 for the first two rounds. Betting and raising
during the last two rounds (after "the turn" and
"the river") is set at the higher limit of the
stakes structure. In a $5/$10 game all bets after the turn
card is dealt are $10.
7. The maximum allowable number of bets per player during
any betting round in Texas Hold 'em poker is four. This
includes a (1) bet, (2) raise, (3) re-raise, and (4) cap.
The term cap is used to describe the 3rd raise in a round
since betting is then capped and can't be raised further.
Once capped, players will have only the option of calling
8. After each hand has completed, as with standard poker
rules, the button (the position that bets last) moves clockwise
to the next active player. This player will be considered
to be playing "the button" for that hand. In Texas
Hold 'em the player to the left of the button is first to
receive a card and is required to post a small blind. The
small blind is equal to half the lower limit bet rounded
down to the nearest dollar. The player to the left of the
small blind is required to post the big blind, equal to
the lower limit bet. The term "blind" refers to
the fact that you must bet before seeing your cards. Everyone
takes a turn being the small and big blind. the blind bet
keeps the game moving along and prevents someone from sitting
out for hours waiting for a pair of pocket kings or aces.
9. Both blinds in Texas Hold 'em poker are considered live
bets and therefore, according to poker rules, have the option
of checking, calling, raising or folding when the betting
action returns to their position. After the flop and each
subsequent betting round, the first active Texas Hold 'em
player to the left of the button is first to act. The button
bets last throughout the entire hand.