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The FHSU Computer Technology Examination is based on the "Four Areas of Knowledge" listed in the following information. The Kansas Board of Regents is the source of the information that follows.
The Qualified Admissions Precollege Curriculum approved by the Kansas Board of Regents on October 17, 1996, includes one high school unit of computer technology. The Board of Regents also approved a provision that students can meet this requirement by completing a course or by passing a computer proficiency examination. In either case, it is imperative that high schools award at least one unit of credit to ensure that students have completed this component of the precollege curriculum.
The information below describes the content areas and outcomes that should be included in courses or on proficiency examinations.
The diversity of computer systems, hardware and software make it impossible to provide an exhaustive list of all important topics. For reference, the information that might be the subject of the examination has been divided into four areas. Within each area are terms that might be important and tasks that students should be able to complete. High School teachers are free to provide additional information to students who are preparing for study at a Regents university.
Operating System, Macintosh, Microsoft Windows, MS-DOS, Unix, OS/2. Concepts relevant to all Operating Systems: file, command, format, ASCII, binary, compression, prompt, directory or folder, menu, utility programs, server. Specialized Operating Systems Concepts: graphical user interface (GUI), multiprocessing, multitasking, root directory, clipboard. Computer hardware, central processing unit (CPU), monitor, mouse, video resolution color depth, keyboard, motherboard, printer, random access memory (RAM), scanner. (For some purposes, it may be important to know about more specialized terms, such as read only memory (ROM), expansion slot, sound card, video card, bus, analog, digital, serial port, parallel port.) Magnetic storage media, diskette, CD-ROM, hard disk, bit, byte, kilobyte, megabyte, gigabyte, optical storage. Modem, baud.
B. Relevant Skills
C. Sample Task to Demonstrate Knowledge of Hardware and Operating System
Suppose you have $2,500 to purchase a computer system for your room at college. You are majoring in business, so you will need word processing, spreadsheet, and database software. You will also need a CD-ROM, a modem and a printer. Use the Internet to search for components and pricing for three alternative computer systems. Print the Web pages to document your selections. Create a spreadsheet to develop a system cost comparison model. Use the following column labels: Component, Price, Alternative 1, Alternative 2, and Alternative 3. Use a word processor to write a brief justification for each of your selections, such as processor type and speed, amount of memory, hard disk size, etc.
A. Software Glossary
Word Processor, boldface, center, cut, justify, edit, font, format, paste, spell check, type size, underline. Spread Sheet, cell, attributes of a cell, chart, copy across, copy down, formula, absolute reference, relative reference. Data Base, field, filter, record, report, sort. Presentation software, slide.
B. Word Processing Skills
The ability to create, edit, and produce documents is one of the vital skills. It is expected that any student who will attend a Regents’ Institution should be able to accomplish tasks such as these:
C. Spreadsheet Skills
Spreadsheets are increasingly common tools for organization of data. A student ought to be able to complete these tasks.
D. Data Base Software Skills
Data base programs are not as well known as word processors and spread sheets, but they are used widely in business and government.
E. Presentation Software
Computer programs exist that can organize material in outline form and incorporate visual and sound effects to enhance a presentation. Students who have experience with such software might be asked to complete the following tasks:
Many operating systems now allow a computer operator to open several programs at once. This is true of the Macintosh, Microsoft Windows, OS/2 and X-windows for Unix. A person who has a knowledge of a system with multi-tasking ought to be able to carry out a sequence of the following sort:
Network, local area network, client/server, Ethernet, host, Unix, gopher, file transfer protocol. Internet World Wide Web, browser, uniform resource locator (URL), HTML, hypertext, download/upload, bookmark, BBS. Online telecommuting, teleconferencing, discussion list, virus, Usenet, flame, FAQ, telnet, e-mail.
Copyright, fraud, legislation, laws, privacy, ethics, computer crime.
B. Important Ethical Issues in Computing
C. Example tasks that might assist the student in study of the ethical and legal issues of privacy, copyright, and computer crime include the following:
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