Fort Hays State University > About FHSU > Academic Divisions > Forsyth Library > Kansas Heritage > Wichita County
Prentis, Noble Lovely. "History of Kansas". Winfield, KS: E. P. Greer, 1899.
Wichita County is
located in the Southwestern Kansas, and its county seat is located in the city
of Leoti. The county was originally home to the Native American tribes of the
Pawnee and the Wichita (the tribe for which the county is named), but they had
already vacated the area before the first land cessions were made to the United
Wichita County was one of the last areas of
Kansas to be settled due to its location. Its location at the time was almost
forty miles from both of the railroads, the Kansas Pacific and the Santa Fe.
Only after other areas became overpopulated did settlers begin to move to
Wichita County. The first signs of civilization in this county began with five
large ranching operations: the Kitchen Ranch, the Sinn Ranch, the Russell
Ranch, the Edwards Ranch, and the Holden Ranch. John Edwards, owner of Edwards
Ranch, was one of the first settlers and was elected to be the first sheriff of
The plat for a town
site in Leoti was filed in 1885. By December of 1886, Governor Martin was
ordered by the Supreme Court to organize Wichita County. After a bloody dispute with the neighboring
Coronado, Leoti was chosen as the Wichita County seat. Since then Coronado has
become a ghost town.
Howard. A History of Wichita County,
Kansas. MA Thesis. Kansas State College, 1954. Print.
County History Association, First. History of Wichita County: Vol. 1.
North Newton, KS: Mennonite Press, 1980. 15-18, 36-42. Print.
Paragraphs written by intern Holly Younger in 2012
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